時間曝光 - 物體移動
在白天拍攝時移動物體看起來模糊，曝光時間較長，由於運動模糊，在黑暗中拍攝時，光點會顯示為線條。 如果沒有這種噱頭技術，這種效果也會被人眼所察覺。 在這張照片中，攝影師追踪了大輪的運動，夜間照亮，在城市上空巍然聳立。更多细节
在這種情況下，使用了非常長的30秒曝光，以便捕獲足夠的光信息。 此外，攝影師選擇了小光圈，f / 16和ISO 100的低光敏度，這導致更大的景深和更少的色噪聲。 請注意，較長的曝光時間會產生更強烈的暗噪聲，並且在使用膠片時會產生Schwarzschild效應。
Zoom effect – the camera/lens moves
In this picture, the photographer manages to get the lights of the big city to appear like sun beams in a painting. This accentuates the architecture in the middle of the image, from where the beams of light scatter outwards like an explosion. This effect creates the feeling of being drawn into the picture as you look at it.更多细节
To take this picture, the photographer opted for a very small aperture, ensuring that only a little light would fall on the sensor. Consequently he was able to reach a 25-second exposure time, while minimising the danger of shakiness. During this time frame, he was able to manually apply the camera lens’s zoom function in a controlled, slow and even manner, with the help of a tripod. It is important to calculate in advance the approximate length of the beams, or, alternately, the path the zoom should follow.
Panning – the camera and the object move
This picture could also be titled “Pure Joy”. Once considered a deficiency, motion blur, is used today as an artistic, photographic tool, able to produce a strong emotional impact, as seen here. The exceptional interplay between the “panning” technique and the central feature in the image, allows the viewer to slip into the role of the person being photographed.更多细节
With good light conditions, the photographer had to close the aperture so that, with 1/8th of a second, the background is blurry, while the expression on the face is recognisable. He managed this by panning the camera in a way that was synchronised with the child’s movement. A certain amount of “shakiness” is inevitable but secondary, and should not stop you from using this technique. In this kind of situation, better to take too many pictures than too few.
Time exposure – the object moves
This image thrives from the fact that it captures something our eyes can not normally see. In this case, the photographer is actually drawing with light – the very essence of photography. An exciting and well-composed picture full of opposites – bright and dark, hot and cold, old and young – and multi-layered perceptions.更多细节
In the scene, the stroke of the hammer is the opening chord, while the explosion is the closing one: direct like the sparks, and elusive like the smoke.
In this case, for the motion blur effect, the photographer deliberately used a relatively short exposure time, so as not to overrun the decisive moment, on the one hand, while capturing the sparks and their flight paths, on the other. He managed to do this very successfully, by setting the aperture wide open with an exposure time of 1/40th of a second. It is as though the viewer can actually hear the stroke of the hammer.
the camera moves
Have you ever been inside a particle accelerator? You might expect it to look something like this. Intoxicating speed and the unknown lying just around the bend. The reduction to black and white and the streaking lines underline the incredible dynamism of this picture, drawing the viewer into a time tunnel.更多细节
The photographer managed to take this picture during a train ride. He did not actually move the camera, rather he and the camera moved together. With the train’s high speed, it was enough for him to find a stable position and set a time exposure of one second with a nearly fully open aperture, to be able to take this futuristic-looking picture.
A longer exposure would have made the motif completely blurry. The visual result in this photo is comparable to the zoom effect.
Time exposure – the object moves
This picture is an example of how you can be a master of impressive nature photographs using motion blur. In this case, the photographer has managed to unify the constant movement, the fury and the effervescence of the waves, imbuing the image with a baffling atmosphere.更多细节
Framed by a white, mist-like fuzz, the sharp and craggy rocks and cliffs become central to the image. This virtually hyperreal reproduction of the finest detail creates a tension that moves the viewer to spend more time looking at the picture.
To capture the detail-rich aspect of this impressive landscape, the photographer used a small aperture and low light sensitivity. A half-minute exposure, a tripod and a remote-control release, were necessary to capture the motion blur. A suitable ND (neutral density) filter can further strengthen the exposure and the motion blur effect.