因為徠卡

鍾愛BOKEH

何為“BOKEH”?

銳利,柔和,虛化 —— 圖像中有意模糊的部分稱為虛化。虛化或呈現如奶油般散開的柔滑,或以柔和的光圈或精緻的高光形式呈現。

一張好照片的特徵是什麼?

虛化愛好者會回答:盡可能淺的景深以及背景細節好似迷霧半遮面。帶有虛化的照片展現出的是無形之物 —— 空氣,夜晚,詩歌。

術語“虛化”來源於日語單詞“柔焦”或“散焦”,描述的是圖片未被清晰呈現的部分。

更多细节

這種不清晰並不是由鏡頭引起的任何形式的像差造成的,它更多地是由所選參數 —— 焦距,光圈和物距等 —— 處於焦點平面前後的不清晰度產生的。就期望的視覺效果而言,背景虛化通常比前景虛化更為重要。

虛化過的照片似乎總有神奇,超現實或幻想的東西存在其周圍。虛化技術特別適用於情緒的交流。不同的鏡頭,虛化的效果也各不相同。一個有用的經驗法則說:鏡頭越快,虛化越明顯。

通過徠卡鏡頭的焦外成像,我在每個物件或肖像的背景中種下了一個有形的夢想。
Ivo von Renner

為了說明美妙的背景虛化,您需要一個不那麼遙遠的前景,與背景進行對比,背景裡小的元素和亮點,會使您看起來很漂亮,柔和以及流動的光。

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背景呈現均勻柔和的光線。通過這種方式,攝影師決定圖片傳遞出的資訊。

  • 虛化用在這張照片中的效果怎樣?

    在這個忙碌的城市場景中,虛化帶來了非凡的和平感,並將觀眾的眼睛引向女主角的目光。柔和的背景強調了這幅肖像的感性。虛化增添了這幅畫面情感,活力,氛圍和寧靜的方面。

    更多细节

    夜晚的寧靜氣氛和充滿嘈雜且富有活力的大城市息息相關 —— 感性的畫像與動盪的環境形成對比。虛化為這張照片提供了充足的想像空間。

    這張照片中,模特在城市環境中以一種非比尋常的姿勢拍攝。其中重要的是在這種環境下精確捕捉光線。具有多種不同高光的背景使得這張照片變得獨一無二。再一次凸顯出攝影時鏡頭全開的必要性。

  • What is the effect of bokeh in that picture?

    In this picture, the photographer has captured a fleeting moment. Here, the artistic excitement of an everyday situation is create to some extent by the bokeh mistily veiling such details as the gender, age and attractiveness of the person in the background. For viewers of this picture, the bokeh generates curiosity, despite – or as a direct result of – an anonymity that creates an motional bond between the viewer and the subject.

    更多细节

    The photograph is emotive, but without intimacy, the upright structures and elements in the foreground stand in stark contrast to the emotions expressed by the background-bokeh. The result is an emotional snapshot that consciously withholds the details.

    In this photograph, the focus was set tightly on the window shade. The decisive moment is the central theme. Nevertheless, it is still important that ensure that careful composition is not left out of the equation. A sufficiently bright background and the use of the lens wide open are obligatory.

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  • What is the effect of bokeh in that picture?

    Due to the bokeh, the focus in this picture is on the yellow rose, while the pink flower in the foreground melts into the background. Both flowers are isolated by extremely smooth transitions. The picture achieves its gentle subtlety and beauty through the use of bokeh. In addition to concentration and focus, this also creates a connection between the different planes of the picture.

    更多细节

    In its own special way, this photograph displays the fragility of beauty and shows a fleeting moment of perfection in perfect harmony. A picture like this is the result of choosing a background with rich contrasts with sufficient light, ensuring a short distance to the main subject, a long distance from the background and using a large maximum aperture.

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    1/100
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  • What is the effect of bokeh in that picture?

    It frames the woman’s face and upper body, establishing direct eye-contact with the subject. It sharpens the view of the model and creates space for the story told by the atmosphere of the portrait. Context. Mood. Composition. Atmosphere.

    更多细节

    The face has a special plasticity. Soft, creamy and flowing bokeh on clothes and background create a perfect frame. Creative freedom for the story behind the portrait. A picture like this is the result of choosing a background with rich contrasts with sufficient light, ensuring a short distance to the main subject and using a large maximum aperture.

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溫馨提示
徠卡專賣店最新資訊

在全球徠卡專賣店體驗美麗的背景虛化的魔力。您可以在我們的徠卡專賣店體驗攝影世界,分享攝影感悟。

在這裡您可以為您的創造性攝影找到溫馨提示,引人入勝的故事和靈感。

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關於虛化的更多資訊
通過我們的攝影課程找到答案

通過豐富多樣的攝影課程,徠卡學院將帶您密集體驗用途廣泛的攝影創造力。

徠卡學院會提供什麼?比如,如何使用背景虛化来创作富有想象力的图像。丰富您的摄影创造力,让我们引导您拍出更好的图像。

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徠卡鏡頭
擁有虛化功能

能捕捉到一個特別有吸引力的背景虛化則證明了鏡頭的優異性。

不同的鏡頭產生不同的背景虛化效果,取決於它們的光學結構。許多徠卡鏡頭因其如同奶油般散開的虛化效果而著名 —— 如果創造性地使用,這使得攝影師拍攝的圖像可以達到令人驚歎的視覺效果。

更多细节

在一個模糊的背景裡出現一個清晰的畫像。 一個人站在旋轉的色彩鮮豔的環或繁花盛開的背景中,揭示了其神奇的特質,從模糊的周圍環境中凸顯出來。

如何能捕捉到最美的bokeh?

看看您能不讓空變實,在LFI畫廊中的bokeh圖片系列裡尋找您自己的靈感。

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