徠卡風格

Available Light

如何僅僅利用環境光拍出理想的照片?

實際上,基本有兩種利用環境光拍攝的方法:攝影師會精心利用現場的光照氛圍,通過調整攝影參數(如曝光時間,感光度和色溫)來加強效果,並在後期為照片設計動人的色彩和強烈的對比度;或者他們決定只利用現有光線,並嘗試通過使用適當的設置,讓相機從環境中汲取最佳效果。在這兩種情況下,都會可以回避使用閃光燈。

8
f
8/1
s
200
ISO
47
mm

專業攝影師RICHARD SEYMOUR向您介紹不同情況下的攝影挑戰

  • 风光摄影

    第一眼看起來很普通的風景在特殊的氛圍下可能會變成引人注目的奇觀。嚴格來說,“馴服”光線並為我所用是電影製作人所擅長的。

    更多细节

    然而,這不再與環境光攝影有很大關係。即便如此,我們也同樣可以製作出帶有敘事能力的自然光照片。在這張照片中,暮光和汽車前燈為攝影師設計這個電影般的畫面提供了完美的基礎。精心考量的相機的位置和平衡構圖,將圖片轉換為了一幅迷人的場景。

    在這張照片中,攝影師使用了ISO 800的中等感光度和1/15秒的曝光時間,光圈為f / 5.6,從而得以產生足夠的景深。 視線會被宛若面紗一樣籠罩在田野上,徐徐升起的霧氣所引導,為照片添加了一絲神秘感。

    5.6
    f
    1/15
    s
    800
    ISO
    28
    mm
  • Landscape-photography

    Spectacular available light pictures can be achieved for landscape and nature photography. With the right combination of exposure time and aperture, we can capture the most unique situations offered to us by nature and natural light.

    更多细节

    With analogue photography, photographers were always dependent on the particular colour hues of the film material. The possibilities of digital photography are not affected by these kind of limitations, as the photographer can adjust colour temperature and individual colours later on, however he or she likes.

    In contrast to the previous pictures, the photographer opted in this case to reduce the available light, rather than capture more of it. In this manner, it was also possible to influence and design the lighting situation. To create a dramatic mood, the picture remained slightly underexposed, so that the colours and the contrasts are stronger. The 1/500th second of exposure time was short enough to capture the lighthouse and the people as black silhouettes, and to photograph the crashing waves without any motion blur.

    8
    f
    1/500
    s
    800
    ISO
    231
    mm
  • Street-photography

    A haunting portrait photographed in a situation where normally the movement and light conditions would have been insufficient for a good photo. In this case also, the eye of the driver appears so strong and captivating, that the photo conveys an impression that goes way beyond the framework of the excerpt. The use of the light reflected in the rear-view mirror at precisely the height of the eyes, further strengthens the impression.

    更多细节

    For this picture, the photographer had to go to the limits of the technical possibilities. With an open aperture (f/1.7) and a light sensitivity of ISO 3200, he achieved a shutter speed of 1/160th of a second, which, thanks to the cars slow or paused speed, was sufficient for a shake-free picture.

    1.7
    f
    1/160
    s
    3200
    ISO
    28
    mm
  • Street-photography

    A very successful example of the interplay between contrasts, sharpness and unsharpness. A composition that shows the stage-like use of the sparse, available lighting on a face. No recognisable background, no distracting shapes or colours: one of those pictures that is able to magically transform a mundane moment into a timeless image.

    更多细节

    The content level goes hand in hand with the technical approach: reduction is the name of the game. The photographer used a Leica M Edition 60, in other words, a digital rangefinder camera without display. Considering the weak light conditions, the decision was made to use a high light sensitivity (ISO 3200) and a short shutter speed of 1/350th of a second, that eliminated any possible motion blur. With a nearly completely open aperture of f/2.8, he also created a soft, pleasant bokeh in the background.

    2.8
    f
    1/350
    s
    3200
    ISO
    28
    mm
  • Concert-photography

    A similar situation, a different approach. While in the picture above the intimacy of the image and reduction of the content are at the forefront, this picture captures all the dynamics of a stage performance.

    更多细节

    Light sources from all sides focus on the singer – colourful spotlights from left and right, and a warm light from the front. Here the photographer also did a spectacular job of capturing the atmosphere and energy of the concert, underlined at the precise moment by the musician’s leap.

    The photographer was placed below the stage for this picture. With a wide open aperture (f/2) and a light sensitivity of ISO 640, a short exposure time of 1/320th of a second was enough to capture this dynamic jump with a negligible amount of motion blur. The stage lighting was sufficient to reveal the right amount of background. Using a flash would have destroyed the whole atmosphere and pushed unimportant details to the forefront.

    2
    f
    1/320
    s
    640
    ISO
    23
    mm
  • Concert-photography

    Available light photography is always a question of playing with light and shadow, with brightness and darkness. This photo is an excellent example of how, through the reduction of picture content, you are able to create an intimate and intense mood. In this case, the photographer specifically used the available light sources on the stage, to take advantage of the contrasts and to isolate the musician from his surroundings. As a result, the universal aspect of this motif – the musician and his instrument – is brought to the forefront.

    更多细节

    In this case, the photographer is standing to the right behind the musician. For the picture, he used the only light source – a spotlight that was falling on the musician at that point. A wide open aperture (f/1.7) allowed the photographer to use a relatively short exposure time (1/90s), which prevented a larger degree of motion blur. With these parameters, only the brightest elements of the picture are visible; in other words, only the instrument and the musician. The room, the audience and the stage – everything else disappears in the darkness. Concert and theatre photography, among others, define a very specific genre of available light photography, because they manage to work without extra aids, but adapt the stage lighting set up for the audience’s benefit.

    1.7
    f
    1/90
    s
    200
    ISO
    50
    mm

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在這裡您可以為您的創造性攝影找到溫馨提示,引人入勝的故事和靈感。

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從LFI.畫廊的圖片中獲取大量靈感; 定格屬於您的特殊時刻。 我們也邀請您參加我們的挑戰! 請以‘Live on Stage’為主題提交您最好的照片。 您可以在以下網址找到更多資訊

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您可以在我們的攝影培訓課程中瞭解更多關於運動模糊的內容

徠卡學院舉辦大量的攝影培訓課程,在攝影創意的各個方面都提供了實用和豐富的經驗。 如何使用運動模糊來製作富有想像力的圖片,這只是徠卡學院的一個方面。豐富你的創造性攝影,讓你自己被引導到最好的圖像結果。

9.5
f
1/90
s
160
ISO
75
mm

徠卡產品
為環境光攝影而生:

M10-P Key Visual Mathieu Bitton 1512x1008
LeicaQ_silver_1512-x-1008

具有高感性能的相機,高速鏡頭和圖像穩定器——這些都是適用於獲得真正無抖動圖像的理想工具。憑藉其高速鏡頭和圖像穩定器,徠卡Q非常適合捕捉拍攝隨時發生的環境光作品。

更多细节

拍攝環境光照片的理想工具:徠卡M10具有令人印象深刻的高ISO性能和高速的Summilux-M 50 mm f / 1.4 ASPH鏡頭。

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